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Salt Consumption Linked to Diabetes Risk

Salt Consumption Linked to Diabetes Risk

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A recent study indicates that consuming large amounts of added sodium could contribute to diabetes development.

The American Diabetes Association stated that approximately 30 million Americans are afflicted with diabetes. Of this number, 95 percent have Type 2 diabetes, where the body is not able to properly use insulin. A portion of those with this condition are able manage their blood sugar levels with diet and exercise, but some are dependent on insulin injections. Some individuals have Type 2 diabetes for life, while others develop it over time. Diet can play a huge role in its development, some clinicians believe, and a recent study indicates that in some cases, consuming large amounts of added sodium may contribute to its emergence.

Individuals with diabetes also should pay extra attention to any wounds they may experience. Diabetic wounds can take longer to heal, according to Wound Care Centers, due to poor blood circulation, which is one of the complications those with the condition may experience.

LADA development

The study, released byThe American Journal of Managed Care recently shared a study that linked a greater risk of latent autoimmune diabetes in adults (LADA) to increased sodium consumption. In the past, researchers discovered that adding more sodium to ones diet could be connected to heightened risk of Type 2 diabetes development in adults, but LADA is a form of Type 1 diabetes. It typically occurs in individuals who are over the age of 30, according to the Mayo Clinic, and can begin because the pancreas does not produce enough insulin. This form of diabetes will develop more slowly than Type 2. Some researchers believe that LADA is somewhere in between Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes, according to the source.

Sodium consumption

The study which was to be presented at the European Association for the Study of Diabetes and was conducted by Dr. Bahareh Rasouli of The Institute of Environmental Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden and other teams from Finland and Sweden. As reported by Diabetologia, the group took data from a Swedish population-based study, where a group of individuals with LADA and a group of those with Type 2 diabetes were compared with a control, having neither. Participants were asked to document their diets and determine the levels of sodium, calories and nutrients they consumed each day. The team accounted for genetic predisposition to diabetes, in any form, and lifestyle factors of each participant.

For every additional gram of sodium consumed – or 2.5 grams of salt – per day, individuals, on average, had a 43 percent greater risk of developing Type 2 diabetes. Those who consumed the most sodium each day, above 3.15 grams, had a 58 percent higher risk of the condition occurring, when compared to the group with the lowest daily sodium intake.

An increased risk of developing LADA was reported – 73 percent on average – when study participants took in an extra gram of sodium per day. Of course, many factors were considered when compiling this data, as the scientists examined many aspects of the subject’s lives and genetic makeup.

Lifestyle factors

Eating many foods that are high in sodium can be easily avoided. For example, trying not to eat fast food or a diet heavy in red meat and processed ingredients can help some people to reduce their sodium levels. Many clinicians advise their patients to focus on a diet with whole foods, prepared at home whenever possible. There are many ways to flavor meals that do not involve salt. Individuals can use a variety of spices in their dishes, and some are considered to be anti-inflammatory, like turmeric, for example. If a person would like to make changes to his or her diet, it can be best to speak first with a clinician in order to determine how to do so in a healthy and safe manner.

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