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The 6 Steps of the Wound Healing Process

The 6 Steps of the Wound Healing Process

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wound healing steps

Your blood cells play several roles in the healing process.

As your body engages in wound healing, a wonderful process occurs throughout each of the systems that comprise your body. According to a study published in the World Journal of Surgery, there are six wound healing stages, each of which rely on one another in order to completely close a wound. Knowing what each step involves is crucial in developing a comprehensive healing plan. 

  1. Rapid hemostasis
    This refers to the mechanism that stops the actual bleeding. Most of the time, your body will accomplish this through a process called vasoconstriction, in which your blood vessels are closed tight. It’s similar to how you might turn a level as to stop a leaky faucet.
  2. Inflammation
    Inflammation is your body’s way of alerting you of an injury. Beyond that, it helps dictate where the next barrage of healthy cells should be headed. As such, inflammation is vital in the wound care process, but if it goes on for too long, it can actually prevent regeneration.
  3. Proliferation and migration
    When inflammation occurs, the body releases several kinds of cells, including those that are responsible for migration and proliferation. The former function actually refers to the movement of the cells, a carefully coordinated process that involves cells moving in a specific order. Meanwhile, proliferation is similar to hemostatis, as cells work to further constrict your blood vessels.
  4. Angiogenesis
    Once the bleeding is under control, the body then begins the process of rebuilding tissue. Angiogenesis, as it’s called, involves the formation of new blood vessels. This process occurs when your body’s cells begin to replace the veins and arteries that were damaged, either creating new sections or adding onto existing portions. It’s a decidedly complex endeavor, with many chemicals activating to facilitate these all-new veins.
  5. Reepithelialization
    Once your body has begun to regrow veins, it’s time to begin regrowing damaged skin. Your epidermis is comprised of cells called keratinocytes, and during the reepithelialization process, your body has to begin forging these chemical components. The process involves the creation of several layers, each working in tandem to offer protection and prevent fluid loss.
  6. Synthesis
    Though it’s seen as the last step, synthesis often happens almost simultaneously. In this process, certain proteins form blood clots, which helps further prevent bleeding as new skin and veins are formed. There are a number of proteins at play, and certain people lack those necessary proteins to form blood clots.

Advanced Tissue is the nation’s leader in delivering specialized wound care supplies to patients.

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