a smartPAC
Contact Advanced Tissue

The Most Common Types of Burns

The Most Common Types of Burns

  by    0   0

types of burns

Burns are a prevalent form of wound and require unique care protocols.

According to the American Burn Association, over 486,000 people received treatment for burns in 2011 alone. Burns prove to be especially challenging when it comes to proper wound care treatment. There are several unique causes for burns, and each one has accompanying treatment protocols. But understanding burns is important for all patients, as information can be an effective tool in avoiding and addressing burns of all severity levels. Here are just some of the most common burn types:

The classification system

According to the Stanford University School of Medicine, all burns are classified by their level of severity and necessary treatment measures. The three levels of burns are as follows:

First-degree burns

Generally, these are the most superficial of all burns, usually involving damage to the outermost layer of skin. A mild sunburn is classified as a first degree burn, and symptoms include redness and peeling skin. The treatment for most first-degree burns is relatively simple, and includes the use of lotions or a cold compress.

Second-degree burns 

In a second-degree burn, the damage to the skin’s outer layer, the epidermis, is more severe. Depending on the case, the burn can extend to parts of the inner dermis. That’s why these injuries are often called partial burns. Scalding or contact-related injuries most often cause these types of burns. Treatment is noticeably more involved, but generally emphasizes measures like daily cleanings and antibiotics.

Third-degree burns

These are the most intense and severe burns, and generally patients will have dry and blackened skin and experience swelling. That’s because third-degree burns are also called full thickness burns in which the outer and inner dermis have both sustained heavy damage. Third-degree burns require the most care, with regimens involving intravenous fluids, antibiotics and a high-protein diet.

Specific burn types

Of course, the cause of each burn can vary, and there are several causes linked most frequently with burns in both hospitals and clinics.

Thermal burns

According to Medscape, thermal burns are among the most common, affecting some 2 million Americans each year. Thermal burns occur following exposure to a heat sources, like flames, scalding water, hot grease, steam and even the sun (UV rays cause all-too-frequent sunburns). Because of their sheer prevalence, the DermNet New Zealand Trust explained that thermal burns are especially prone to infection, namely strains like pseudomonas aeruginosa and staphylococcus aureus.

Chemical burns

As the U.S. National Library of Medicine pointed out, chemical burns are problematic because exposure isn’t always obvious. Chemicals can also build up on the skin or inside the body, which delays their harmful effects. The Mayo Clinic noted that most people exposed to chemicals will experience a few key signs of shock, like shallow breathing or sudden fainting. Immediate treatment is especially important with these burns given their severity and other side effects.

Electrical burns

Electrical burns, caused by stun guns or lightning, can be quite complex in terms of overall wound care. Though the Mayo Clinic explained that you have to be sure the person is no longer in contact with the electrical source before treatment can begin. These burns almost always involve a hospital visit, as electricity can damage muscle and other internal organs. Though not as common as many thermal or chemical burns, 1 percent of all accidental deaths occur from electricity, according to Medscape.

No matter the type of burn, each wound requires specialized care. That’s why you’ll want to rely on Advanced Tissue during your treatment regimen. As the nation’s leader in the delivery of specialized wound care supplies, Advanced Tissue promptly ships supplies to individuals at home and in long-term care facilities.

Download our FREE Wound Treatment Product Guide for more information on wound care.

Download Now

Related Posts

Negative Pressure Has Positive Effect on Wound Healing

Negative pressure has positive effect on wound healingNegative pressure therapy offers benefits to patients. In the search for strategies to promote wound healing, medical researchers discovered that negative pressure offers a number of benefits.


Tips for minimizing scarring

tips for minimizing scarringProper wound care during and after the wound healing process can minimize the appearance of scars. Wounds, whether they stem from injuries or operations, all have the potential to leave scars on the skin. Even the tiniest accidental scrape can leave a lifelong mark. While some scarring is often inevitable, proper care during and after […]


Tips for Preventing Infections

Tips for preventing infectionsIt’s important to take steps to protect yourself from infection. Most people associate infections almost exclusively with wound care. However, infections of other varieties are just as problematic for your personal health.


Polish Doctors Explore New Ways to Improve Wound Care

Polish doctors explore new ways to improve wound careNew research out of Poland has found that pulsed current and ultrasound wound treatments work similarly Anyone who pays even the slightest attention to the wound care industry will know there are always several groundbreaking research projects in the works. For instance, in February 2017, doctors in Pennsylvania unveiled a new way to heal wounds that […]


Myths About Wound Care All Patients Should Know

Myths about wound care all patients should knowUnfortunately, there are many misconceptions around what works and what doesn’t when it comes to wound care. Proper healing is essential for wounds of all shapes and sizes. Whether you are dealing with a scraped knee or recovering from an invasive surgical procedure, it is essential that you give your body the care it needs. […]


Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Back to Top